Healthy lifestyle is the general “science” that focuses on the well-being of people. This line of thought follows the principle that health is not only the absence of disease but is the state of a good overall well-being of a person. General practitioners, Family Physicians, Internists, nutritionists, physical therapists, lifestyle coaches, and even alternative medicine specialists can help guide individuals in living a healthy lifestyle. Essentially, all doctors incorporate the principles of Healthy Lifestyle whenever they give advice to their patients.
Some of the topics that are under Healthy Lifestyle are:
- Eating healthy - Eating a balanced diet is one of the key principles in promoting a healthy lifestyle. A balanced diet consists of healthy and nutritious foods that are taken in the proper amount and variety. Any medical practitioner can help patients choose healthy and nutritious foods, but for patients with specific needs, a clinical nutritionist might be able to provide an individualized meal plan designed for the specific needs of the patient. As a general rule of thumb, avoidance of processed foods especially carbohydrates will help maintain body weight I the optimal range.
- Exercise and Active lifestyle - Engaging in regular exercise and keeping an active lifestyle can improve the overall health of an individual. It can help manage weight problems, decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and improve the psychological well-being of individuals.
- Avoidance of harmful substances - Harmful substances, especially those that are habit-forming, should be avoided. These include smoking, alcoholic beverages, and illicit drugs. Other substances can also become harmful depending on the quantity of the intake. This can include certain types of food like sodas, coffee, processed foods, and others.
- Sleep management - With the increasing access to social media and with the higher demand for 24/7 workers, more and more people are foregoing sleep in exchange for other seemingly more important activities. However, prolonged lack of sleep has been shown to bring many detrimental effects to the health of an individual. A healthy sleeping habit is one of the important principles of a healthy lifestyle.