Orthopedic Surgeons may develop a special interest in procedures involving the treatment of shoulder-related orthopedic conditions. Some of the common conditions treated by shoulder surgeons are:
- Rotator cuff tendinitis - the rotator cuff muscles are a group of muscles which stabilize the shoulders. With overuse, the tendons of these muscles can become swollen or inflamed and even tear, leading to severe shoulder pain with movement. This can be treated by pain killers and anti-inflammatory drugs but can also require surgery if severe.
- Frozen shoulder - or adhesive capsulitis is a condition wherein the mobility of the shoulders is limited, and an attempt to move the shoulders to extended ranges can result in pain. This condition is common among the elderly and those with chronic and recurrent shoulder injuries such as professional athletes.
- Shoulder dislocation or subluxation - the shoulder joint can sometimes be dislodged from its joint cavity, leading to pain and decreased mobility of the shoulder joint. This can be usually managed conservatively but may sometimes require surgical treatment.