A Pediatric Surgeon is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and operative and peri-operative care of premature and newborn infants, children, and adolescent patients suffering from a multitude of surgical conditions affecting virtually any area of the body. Additionally, the surgeon is usually responsible for the comprehensive management of the trauma victim and the critically ill pediatric surgical patient. Pediatric Surgeons are skilled in the use of minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopy and endoscopies, and more and more are becoming proficient at robotic surgery techniques. Common surgical conditions include detection and repair of fetal abnormalities, correction of birth defects, treatment of injuries in children and adolescents, repair of bowel obstructions and hernias, and the treatment of pediatric cancer patients. Some Pediatric Surgeons pursue further specialization in the fields of Oncology, Trauma, and Transplant Surgery.